Company Develops Tool to Seal Battlefield Gunshot Wounds in 15 Seconds

February 4 2014
by GSL Staff
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Screen Shot 2014-02-04 at 1.25.39 PMNormally on this blog we’re talking about the effectiveness of firearms and ammunition for self defense purposes, however there is another side to that equation, and that’s fixing a gunshot wound.

Currently, blood loss from gunshot wounds sustained in a battlefield environment can be extremely difficult to treat, especially if heavy blood loss in play. A medic must stop bleeding long enough to get the wounded party to more advanced care.

With that in mind a company called RevMedX has developed, with funding from the Army, a fairly innovative method for stopping blood loss due to a gunshot wound in a mere 15 seconds.

According to the company’s website,

XStat is an investigational hemostatic dressing under development by RevMedx for the control of severe bleeding from pelvis or shoulder wounds not amenable to tourniquet application in adults and adolescents.

XStat works by applying a group of small, rapidly-expanding sponges into a wound cavity using a lightweight applicator. Two applicator sizes are under development: a 30 mm diameter applicator for larger wounds and a 12 mm diameter applicator for narrow wound tracks.

The XStat sponges are composed of standard medical sponge that is coated with a hemostatic agent and compressed. Each Xstat sponge contains a radiopaque marker for easy detection via X-ray.

In the wound, the Xstat sponges expand and create a barrier to blood flow, present a large surface area for clotting, and provide gentle pressure. No direct manual pressure is required.
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In a swine model with aggressive non-compressible hemorrhaging, Xstat provided statistically significant improvement in hemostasis and survival 60 minutes after injury with a large reduction in blood loss, resuscitation fluid requirement, and medic treatment time compared to conventional hemorrhage control dressings.

If these work as well as described these could have applications in a home or car first aid kit to buy more time for someone suffering from a gunshot wound.

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